Materials

EARTHENWARE

Earthenware is a type of clay body that is low fired at 1300°F ‐ 2152°F. Less durable than stoneware and porcelain, earthenware pieces tend to have thicker walls to add strength.


Materials

Organic Cotton

Organic cotton is made of natural fibers that are grown without the use of fertilizers and toxic pesticides. While organic cotton grows slower than the non-organic variety, it is safer for your skin. It is flexible, breathable, absorbent, strong, and soft. It is also 100% sustainable, completely biodegradable, and non GMO. Growing organic cotton conserves global energy and sustains the health of soils and ecosystems. Farmers nourish and replenish the soil after each harvest, and instead of using toxic pesticides they introduce the natural enemies of insects (other insects) to deter pests. Organic cotton is often dyed with environmentally friendly water-based inks or pigments, rather than toxic alternatives.

Several independent certification organizations set standards for organic cotton production and make sure that farms growing organic cotton meet those standards. A common standard is the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Organic Program (NOP), which certifies farms that grow cotton organically. GOTS Global Organic Textile Standard certification is another.


Materials

Organic Linen

Organic linen is made from the fiber of the flax plant, an abundant raw material that makes linen inherently sustainable. Flax grows quickly with small amounts of water, especially compared to conventional cotton cultivation, and takes just 100 days from planting until harvest. And because flax isn’t troubled by insects, the crop can be grown without toxic pesticides and fertilizers.

In addition to preventing harmful chemicals from entering the home, groundwater, food supply, and environment, organic linen has many unique properties. Surprisingly durable and highly resistant to damage from abrasion, it feels cool in the heat and warm in the cold. It is famously long lasting (dyed flax fibers were found in a prehistoric cave in Georgia at the crossroads of Europe and Asia), as well as anti-bacterial and biodegradable. And linen is the rare material that gets better and more beautifully textured with time, making it the definitive heirloom fabric.


Materials

Organic Wool

Originating from animals including merino sheep, alpaca, camel, angora, and vicuna, wool has many remarkable properties. One of the most breathable fibers, wool easily absorbs and releases moisture thereby always maintaining a perfect balance. It is 100% biodegradable, decomposing in the soil and releasing nutrients back to the earth. Its inherent structure makes it flame resistant, hence the fiber’s popularity in public spaces like hospitals and hotels. And because animals are shorn annually, wool is a completely renewable fiber that is easily sustained using organic methods.

Chemical free from farm to finished product, organic wool comes from sheep grazed on land that is free of pesticides and fertilizers. This wool is cleaned using biodegradable cleansing agents, rather than traditional dyes and chlorine-based treatments, then carded and spun at an organic mill. Organic wool production prevents harmful chemicals from entering the home, groundwater, food supply, and environment, thereby protecting the health of farmworkers and their families. It also supports sustainable farming practices by serving as a secondary source of income for farmers raising sheep for meat or dairy products. Wool is the most recycled and reused fiber.

Some products will carry the GOTS label, a third party standard that is recognized worldwide for organic fiber certification.


Materials

Porcelain

Porcelain is made from a clay body that contains large amounts of fine white minerals called kaolin. Despite its distinctive translucency, porcelain is the strongest of the clay bodies. High fired at temperatures in the range of 2192-2552 F, it is also chip resistant and impervious to liquids. Porcelain when fully vitrified is impervious to liquids even when left unglazed.


Materials

Stoneware

Stoneware refers to a type of clay body that is high fired at 2012°F to 2372°F. More durable than earthenware and terracotta, stoneware is non-porous and has a stone-like texture, making it ideal for functional dinnerware, pots, and planters.


Materials

TERRACOTTA, TERRA COTTA, TERRA-COTTA

Derived from the Latin Terra cocta, Terracotta is a type of earthenware that is low fired at 1832-2012 F. The high iron content in terracotta clay gives it a rich orange/pink hue when fired. Terracotta is durable and porous, making it ideal for planters and pots; water penetrates into the clay body and enhances root growth.